Incarceration of Women
According to the studies, children of incarcerated mother can experience an internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, cognitive delays, and difficulties in society. It’s said that they are among society’s most helpless citizens.
The mass incarceration of women both within the criminal justice system and the broader community has impacted them as follow:
a) Women’s imprisonment can face limited access to social resources: financial, affordable housing, and employment.
b) It has limited them from reintegrating into their communities. Nonetheless, it has increased the parental roles while in prison.
c) Overall, mass incarceration has promoted the increasing leadership presence of women as anti-prison activist.
The most significant social consequences of mass incarceration is the destabilization of communities. Crime is not only a consequence of social disorganization but also one of the causes of it. Thus, these consequences are direct and indirect penalties that former inmates encounter during and after leaving prison, in such most former inmates are punished more than once for a crime. Communities suffer destabilization due to significant residents consistently leaving in and out of prison. There is no foundation of informal social control, for example, abused women are more reluctant law enforcement or to report abuse to agencies.
Women lose faith in social institutions and reasons for not calling the police due to their social position, legal status, or they are vulnerable to their partners.