Bystander effect refers to the situation where massive population participates in watching the bullying but does not play their role in disapproving the situation. In this regard, the bystanders play a vital role in contributing with the problem and indicating silent acceptance to the bully for his hurtful behavior (Pister, 2014).

The bystander effect is mostly observed in and out of school among kids and youngsters, in daily routines. In the Unites States, boys are more likely to be victims of bullying in school. Also, people face bystander in the organization where colleagues face bullying situations, and staff hesitates to intervene in the problem. Often, the background of bullying involves psychological issues, and the victim experiences from mild to severe depression and may develop suicidal attempts.The reason of bystander effect may include the confusion of the people who fear to interfere in such troublesome situations. Also, some people feel safe in showing aloofness from the situation whereas other feel incapable of dealing and interfering in such issues. It is also investigated that bystander also occurs when the audience fears revenge from the bully in case of defending the victim. In this situation, the bystander can be classified into two categories, such as hurtful bystanders and helpful bystanders. Hurtful bystanders are those who encourage the situation of bullying by laughing, cheering or by showing silent acceptance. In contrast, helpful bystanders are regarded as those individuals or group of individuals who discourage the bully, defend the victim or show their disapproval to the situation through rallying.

Pister, R. (2014). Understanding Bullying Through TheEyes Of Youth. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 9, 27-43.



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