Human trafficking is referred to the business of people mainly children and youngster who is carried out for the vested interest of the traffickers. Certain mafias and gangs, who exploit these people for the purpose of the sexual slave, forced labor or involuntary prostitution, operate human trafficking. The act of trafficking is comprised of recruitment, harboring, and transportation of people. The sole aim of this type of organized criminals is to break down victim’s resistance. Human trafficking is also done to provide a spouse for involuntary marriages. The business of human trafficking is operated within the countries and across the national borders. Human trafficking is considered as a severe crime due to the breach of human rights where the sufferer is transported unwillingly (Shelley, 2010). In the United States, for example, the problem of sex trafficking persists across 50 states.
It is observed that people, who are facing a vulnerable situation, often fail to find the solution for their trouble and, unfortunately, fall a victim of human trafficking. In this context, the three primary pathways that lead the person to human trafficking include the situation of poverty, debt, and mainly addiction.
Poverty is one of the chief reasons behind the human trafficking where people get frustrated from their underprivileged life and unintentionally get trapped in the wrong hands of traffickers. In this case, such victims are promised excellent jobs, better life and education in some other country. Such extravagant promises lead the victim to the wrong path where they find themselves helpless with no passport and identification. Often, minor sex trafficking involves pornography and sexual services. Other kinds of trafficking involve engagement into hazardous jobs abroad or in home country, abuse, and forced begging. Capitalists make benefit from disadvantaged populations who are trapped within the circle of poverty. The US is the major country that accepts those immigrants.
Debt is a major headway in the business of human trafficking where people get trafficked in different ways as a mean of refunding their debt that cannot be afforded by their family. In such cases, the victims are misinterpreted that their money is being used in reducing their debt, but in actual, they are exploited in many traumatic ways and receive permanent physical harm.
The traffickers easily target people who are addicted to drugs. The traffickers manipulate such people through providing drugs or substance of their choice in return of the involuntary labor or slavery. These victims are treated in harsh ways and mostly threatened with violent behavior if they reject to abide by the instructions given. Addicts, with no regards as to their age and gender, become victims of physical confinement, often rape and beating.
Domestic Sex Trafficking
Domestic sex trafficking is one of the common examples of human trafficking that includes the harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of minors with the intention of commercial sex. In such scenario, minors are pressurized by traffickers to involuntarily participate in the commercial sex industry. It is observed that traffickers tactically transport children far away from home that consequently reduces the chances of detection and returning the child back to their home. In addition, the most vulnerable population that is affected from domestic sex trafficking comprises of young females of age group 12-14. They are mostly trapped and coerced to enter into the business of prostitution. The three methods that are practiced by the traffickers to lure the youth for the trafficking business include boyfriending, drugging, and social networks.
Human trafficking through Boyfriending
Boyfriending is a common tactic of traffickers that helps them to attain the complete trust of girls. In this scenario, traffickers recruit guys or even girls who voluntarily assist them in completing this task. Human trafficking through Social Media: Twitter, Facebook, Myspace, Snapchat, Backpage, Skype, texting and chat are some of the tools used by the traffickers that lead the victim to the business of human trafficking. Homeless youth is one of the major risk groups in the United States, who lack support from responsible authorities and thus are more likely to engage in dirty deals, such as casual sex, addiction, and violence.
Human Trafficking through Drugging
The traffickers manipulate people who are addicted to drugs and alcohol easily. In this scenario, mostly the young generation gets ensnare who are provided with the abundant supply of drugs and alcohol and in return are instructed by the traffickers to abide by the given instructions.
Shelley, L. (2010). Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.